Egypt is famously the land of the pharaohs and one of the most populated countries in Africa and the Middle East with population of around 77 million people, living mainly on the delta of Nile River.
Half of the population in Egypt is living in the urban regions, mainly in Cairo and Alexandria.
The pyramids are only the tip of the archeological iceberg in Egypt. Pharaonic nations, the ancient Greeks, Romans, Christian and Arab dynasties, they all have their role in the archeological wealth of the country.
Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies, and – visible above all – its pyramids. Less well-known is Egypt’s medieval heritage, courtesy of Coptic Christianity and Islam – ancient churches, monasteries and mosques punctuate the Egyptian landscape. Egypt stimulates the imagination of western tourists like few other countries and is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide.
The main breath taking attraction in Egypt are:
Around 20km southwest of Cairo are located the most fascinating and oldest monuments in the world, dating from 26 BC. The complex consist of ancient Egyptian royal tombs and holy buildings including the Sphinx.
30km south of Cairo is taking place huge, ancient tomb, which served as necropolis of the ancient Egyptian capital Memphis. It consists of numerous pyramids, including the oldest step-pyramid, as well as some ancient Egyptian tombs.
Around 500km south of Cairo is located the city of Thebes, sometimes It includes the ruins of the temples of Karnak and Luxor. On the other side of Nile River lies monuments, temples and tombs on the western side of the necropolis, which includes the Valley of Kings and Valley of Queens.
850km south of Cairo is located archeological place, consisting of 2 massive rock temples carved in the mountain side during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC.
100km east of Cairo is located Al-Sokhna, characterized with numerous hotels and beach resorts like Stela and Porto Al Sokhna.
Weather in Egypt
The days in Egypt are either worm or hot, the nights are cool. Egypt has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and hot summer from May until October. The only difference between the seasons are the day temperatures and the changes of the winds. In the coastal regions the temperatures vary between minimum of 14°C during winter and average of around 30°C during the summer. The temperatures vary in the inner desert regions, especially during summer, when they can reach from 7°C at night to 43°C at day. During the winter, the temperatures in the desert can reach 0°C at night and 18°C at day.
At north the cooler temperatures in Alexandria during the summer have made the city very popular resort. In Aswan at June, the temperatures can drop down to 10°C at night and to reach 41°C at day with clear sky.